Volume 8, Issue 1, March 2020, Page: 1-5
Study of the Mechanism of Coke Formation of Oil Residue and Coal Raw Materials
Joseph Donkor Appiah, Institute of Oil and Gas, Siberian Federal University, Russia, Krasnoyarsk
Pavel Leonidovich Shapovalov, Institute of Oil and Gas, Siberian Federal University, Russia, Krasnoyarsk
Received: Aug. 20, 2019;       Accepted: Mar. 9, 2020;       Published: Mar. 23, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.mc.20200801.11      View  189      Downloads  74
Abstract
This thesis examines how temperature affects the coke obtained from coal pitch and oil residue. The types of coke suitable for use as electrodes and anodes have been identified. A review of existing technologies capable of solving problems with the use of coal tar pitch has been conducted. Studies and experiments were conducted on the coking of heavy feedstock with different chemical composition (HGO FCC, tar and coal pitch). Three experiments were conducted using each feedstock (FCC, tar, coal pitch) for a period of 5 hours. To find out the effect of residence time on the coking, three sets of experiments for each feedstock were performed by first heating the samples for 4 hours to the set temperature and maintaining this temperature for another 5hours (9 hours in total). The dependence of the heating mode of the coking chambers on the material balance was studied. Samples of the coke formed from the coking were studied at the laboratory to determine the possibility of using them as anode in the aluminum industry and electrode in steel industry. The relevance of the work is explained by the good applicability of the coking process both for processing heavier types of oil raw materials, increasing the depth of selection of light distillate fractions.
Keywords
Coking, Petroleum Coke, Coal Tar Pitch, Tar, FCC, Anode Grade
To cite this article
Joseph Donkor Appiah, Pavel Leonidovich Shapovalov, Study of the Mechanism of Coke Formation of Oil Residue and Coal Raw Materials, Modern Chemistry. Vol. 8, No. 1, 2020, pp. 1-5. doi: 10.11648/j.mc.20200801.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Aldescu M., “Challenges of heavy crude processing”, Digital Refining Processing, Operations and Maintenance, (2012).
[2]
Sergey, “Coking”, unpublished lecture notes, Institute of French Petroleum (IFP), 2017.
[3]
Kasch, J. E. and E. W. Thiele, “Delayed Coking—A Modern, Process 25 Years Old,” Oil Gas J., January 2, 89–90 (1956).
[4]
Anon, ‘Petroleum Coke Storage Silo (2018)’’, Agico group
[5]
Minor D. K, Carbon, “hydrogen and their compounds” Mechanics magazine and journal of mechanic institute, 1836.
[6]
Gambro, A. J., D. T. Shedd, H. W. Wang and T. Yoshida, “Delayed Coking of Coal Tar Pitch,” Chem. Eng. Progress 65 (5), 75–79 (1969).
[7]
Magaril, R. Z. and E. I. Aksenova, “Study of the Mechanism of Coke Formation in the Cracking of Petroleum Resins,”Int. Chem. Eng. 8, 727–729 (1968).
[8]
Leon, O., E. Rogel, J. Espidel and G. Torres, “Asphaltenes: Structural Characterization Self-Association and Stability Behavior,” Energy Fuels 14, 6–10 (2000).
[9]
J. Ancheyta, “Modeling of Processes and Reactors for Upgrading of Heavy Petroleum,” Pg. 78, CRC Press (2013).
[10]
DeBiase, R. and J. D. Elliott, “Delayed Coking: Latest Trends,” Hydrocarbon Process. (5), 99–104 (1982).
[11]
Eser E. ‘Flexi-coking process’’ (2017), Pensylvania State University.
[12]
Furimsky E., “Characterisation of coke from fluid/flexi-coking of heavy metals”, Fuel Processing Technology, (2000).
[13]
Semir E., “Energy and Geo-Environmental Engineering, ’Penn State College of Earth and Mineral Sciences, https://www.e-education.psu.edu/fsc432/content/fluid-and-flexi-coking
[14]
Mohan S., Samao V., Ancheyta J., Diaz J., “Recent advances on process technologies for upgrading of heavy oils and residua”. (2006).
Browse journals by subject